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learn与study用法区别(附例句和详细讲解)

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2022-01-01 18:50:59 758 7

learn与study用法区别

一、study 和 learn 都是学习的意思,但是略有区别:

study 主要表示“研究”,重在过程,意为:学习、研究、课题,也可以做名词当书房或学习等;sdudy 当动词时,表示学习、慎重考虑、攻读、仔细观察等指深入系统地学习,带有努力,勤奋的意味,其学习对象往往是科学,艺术和需要深入探讨,研究的问题及学科,不是单纯地获得技巧。而 learn 主要表示“学会”,偏重于指结果,learn 当动词讲的时候,意为“学习、了解到、得知、认识到”等等含义。

Charles and I were closeted in his study for the briefing session.

我和查尔斯在他的书房里闭门开简介会。

The study links the main living area to the kitchen.

书房把主要的生活区与厨房连在一起。

仅仅表示“学”的动作时,可以互换。

How long have you learned/ studied Japanese? 你学习日语有多久了?

如:

study medicine, study science, study a map, study engineering, study painting;

learn music, learn new words, learn to skate, learn from experience

Will you study French his term? 这学期你要学习法语吗?

Have you learned English yet?你学过英语吗?

How long have you studied / learned Spanish? 你学西班牙语多久了?

We're studying the Khufu Pyramid. 我们正在研究胡夫金字塔。

Never too old to learn. 活到老学到。

I like to study in the library. 我喜欢在图书馆学习。

Social science must study the 'state of moral health' in relation to changes in the environment.社会科学必须研究“道德健全状态”同环境变化的关。

We should study well and make progress every day. 我们应该好好学习,天天向上。

I never learned his name. 我从未听说过他的名字。

I'm trying to learn English. 我正在尽力学英语。

He’s learning Spanish/to swim.他在学西班牙语 / 游泳。

She studied chemistry for three years.她学了三年化学。

She is currently doing a business studies course at Leeds.

她目前在利兹大学修读一门商科课程。

No matter where you go in life or how old you get, there's always something new to learn about. After all, life is full of surprises.

不管你生活在哪里,你有多少岁,总有新东西要学习,毕竟,生活总是充满惊喜。

Eventually, you'll learn to cry that on the inside.

终有一天,你会学会让泪往心里流。

Did you learn anything in your day, as a student?

你在学生时代学到什么东西了吗?

He should learn how to conduct a meeting.

他应当学习如何主持会议。

We should learn from experienced teachers.

我们应该向有经验的教师学习。

We must exploit every opportunity to learn new things.

我们必须利用一切机会学习新事物。

We should learn from advanced workers.

我们要向先进工作者学习。

He learned traditional Chinese medicine from a famous Chinese doctor.

他跟随一位著名的中国医生学习中医。

She studied late at night.

她晚上学习到很晚。

learn与study用法区别

673 private golf clubs took part in a recent study.

673家私人高尔夫俱乐部参与了最近的研究。

试看下列句子中的learn 和 study均不能互换:

①If you study hard, you'll learn the language well.

如果你努力学习的话,你会把这门语言学好。

If you study hard, you will learn English well.

如果你努力学,一定能学好英语。

I’ve learnt nothing, because I study English in a negative way.

我什么都没学到,因为我学英语的方式很消极。

I’ve learnt something great through my hard study of English.

通过我努力的英语学习,我学到了一些很棒的东西。

He studied hard and learned English very well. 他努力学习,把英语学得很好。  

②She studied late at night. 她晚上学习到很晚。

He is studying the problem of X-rays. 他正在研究X射线的问题。

二、 teach oneself自学

Who teaches you English? 谁教你英语呀?

I teach my self. 我自学。

注意:I never learned his name. 我从未听说过他的名字。

习惯表达上的差异:  

(1) 下列情况,一般只用 learn:  

a. 用于 learn from,表示“向……学习”。如:  

We must learn from each other. 我们必须互相学习。  

b. 后接不定式,表示“学会(学习)做某事”。如:  

He’s learning (how) to drive a car. 他在学习开车。  

You ought to learn (how) to be patient. 你必须学会耐心。  

注:有时可接动名词(主要是指技艺或技术方面的动名词)。如:  

She learns to swim [swimming]. 她学习游泳。  

c. 用于某些谚语。如:  

Live and learn. 活到老,学到老。  

Never too old (late) to learn. 再老(晚)也能学。  

Soon learnt, soon forgotten. 学得快,忘得快。  

(2)下列情况,一般只用 study:  

a. 表示在某校学习。如:  

He is studying at Beijing University. 他在北京大学学习。  

b. 用于祈使句或与 hard 连用。如:  

Study hard and make progress every day. 好好学习,天天向上。 


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