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be covered with和be covered by用法区别精讲(附例句)

xiawuyouke 趣味英语 2021-12-20 15:45:08 412 0

1.be covered with基本意为盖满、被…覆盖着,是一个系表结构,强调状态;

具体含义在翻译时要灵活多变,根据句意语境进行把握,请看经典例句:

Everything was covered with a thick layer of snow.

所有的东西都覆盖着厚厚的一层雪。

be covered with和be covered by用法区别精讲

The lake was covered with a sheet of ice.

湖面上覆盖着一层冰。

The page was covered with a mass of figures.

纸上写满了密密麻麻的数字

The books were all covered with dust.

书上满了灰尘。

The walls were covered with pictures.

这些墙上挂满了画。

To add verisimilitude, the stage is covered with sand for the desert scenes.

为了更加逼真,舞台上铺满了沙子作为沙漠的场景。

His desk is covered with electronic gadgetry.

他的书桌上摆满了各种电子装置。

The desk was covered with papers

桌子上摆满了公文。

His legs were covered with weeping sores.

他的双腿有多处红肿流脓的伤口。

My face was covered with bruises and I had a broken rib.

我的脸上全是瘀伤,肋骨还断了一根。

His face was covered with pimples.

他满脸粉刺。

The whole plant is covered with fine down.

整株植物都覆盖着细茸毛。

Cars were covered with clear-coat finish at the factory to protect the underlying paint from fading. 工厂给汽车上了透明罩漆,以防底漆褪色。

The square is covered with dancing people.

广场上到处都是跳舞的人。

2. be covered by基本意为被…覆盖住,是被动语态,强调动作。

翻译时含义灵活多样,如由……覆盖、负责,承保,支付等等

Much of the country is covered by forest.

森林覆盖着这个国家的大片土地。

The moon was covered by the dark clouds.

月亮被乌云遮蔽了。

The bright moon was covered by heavy clouds.

一轮明月被浓云遮住。

The city is covered by a foul-smelling cloud of smoke.

城市被一团恶臭的烟云笼罩着。

The banks of the river are covered by grass.

河两岸长满了草。

His teeth were never entirely covered by his lips.他的牙齿从未被嘴唇完全遮住过。

These items are not covered by your medical insurance

这些项目不在你的医保范围之内。

All my living expenses and tuition will be covered by the state.

我的所有生活费用和学费将由国家支付。

The rest of the expenses would be covered by the insurance company.

其余的费用由保险公司承担。

Any extended illness will be covered by insurance.

任何长期疾病的支出都将由保险公司负责支付。

In many cases, the costs are not covered by medical insurance schemes.

在许多情况下,医疗保险部门并不报销这类医药费。

最后,有关cover的一个谚语非常重要,可以积累起来作文里用上会发光的:

Don’t judge a book by its cover.

切勿以貌取人。


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